WWW信息体系结构(第二版,影印版)
WWW信息体系结构(第二版,影印版)
Louis Rosenfeld, Peter Morville
出版时间:2003年06月
页数:488
如今的网站和内联网已经变得比以前越来越大、越来越有价值,而且越来越复杂,同时其用户也变得更忙,也更加不能容忍错误的发生。数目庞大的信息、快速的变化、新兴的技术和公司策略是设计师、信息体系结构构建师和网站管理员必须面对的事情,而这些已经让某些网站看起来像是个快速增长却规划很差的城市——到处都是路,却无法导航。规划精良的信息体系结构当前正是最关键性的。
本书介绍的是如何使用美学和机械学的理念创建与众不同的、有吸引力的网站。关于网站开发方面的大多数书籍都侧重于图形图像方面,或者侧重于网站的技术角度。而本书则把焦点放在包含这两者的网站框架方面。
应用了这本经典书籍中所介绍的原理后,就能够构建出可缩放、可维护、易于导航且具有吸引力的网站。
使用本书中所提供的范例和案例学习,将能够:
* 为站点开发出强烈的、具有吸引力的视觉效果,使站点易于使用并且与众不同。
* 按照对用户最有利的方式组织站点的层次结构,减少重新设计的需要。
* 创建不会让用户迷路或厌倦的站点导航系统。
* 精确标记站点内容。
* 按照支持特定项目搜索和模糊搜索的方式来组织站点内容。
* 配置搜索系统,以便用户的查询能够得到有用的结果。
* 管理信息体系结构的开发过程,从形成概念到调查研究,从概念性设计到规划和生产。
“当Web设计师们都读过本书之后,这世界会变得更好。本书睿智、风趣,并且充满了艺术性,是作者们多年专业知识的结晶。WWW信息体系结构要解决政策性和机构性的难题,包括内容、结构和用户界面。这不仅是设计,而是艺术的更高级表现。本书指明了未来几年内的竞争方向。”
-Bonnie Nardi,《Information Ecologies: Using Technology with Heart》一书的合著者
  1. Foreword
  2. Preface
  3. Part I. Introducing Information Architecture
  4. 1. Defining Information Architecture
  5. A Definition
  6. Tablets,Scrolls,Books,and Libraries
  7. Explaining IA to Others
  8. What Isn't Information Architecture?
  9. Why Information Architecture Matters
  10. Bringing Our Work to Life
  11. 2. Practicing Information Architecture
  12. Do We Need Information Architects?
  13. Who's Qualified to Practice Information Architecture?
  14. Information Architecture Specialists
  15. Practicing Information Architecture in the Real World
  16. Information Ecologies
  17. What Lies Ahead
  18. 3. User Needs and Behaviors
  19. The "Too-Simple" Information Model
  20. Information Needs
  21. Information Seeking Behaviors
  22. Part II. Basic Principles of Information Architecture
  23. 4. The Anatomy of an Information Architecture
  24. Visualizing Information Architecture
  25. Information Architecture Components
  26. 5. Organization Systems
  27. Challenges of Organizing Information
  28. Organizing Web Sites and Intranets
  29. Organization Schemes
  30. Organization Structures
  31. Creating Cohesive Organization Systems
  32. 6. Labeling Systems
  33. Why You Should Care About Labeling
  34. Varieties of Labels
  35. Designing Labels
  36. 7. Navigation Systems
  37. Types of Navigation Systems
  38. Gray Matters
  39. Browser Navigation Features
  40. Building Context
  41. Improving Flexibility
  42. Embedded Navigation Systems
  43. Supplemental Navigation Systems
  44. Advanced Navigation Approaches
  45. 8. Search Systems
  46. Does Your Site Need Search?
  47. Basic Search System Anatomy
  48. Choosing What to Search
  49. Search Algorithms
  50. Presenting Results
  51. Designing the Search Interface
  52. Where to Learn More
  53. 9. Thesauri, Controlled Vocabularies, and Metadata
  54. Metadata
  55. Controlled Vocabularies
  56. Technical Lingo
  57. A Thesaurus in Action
  58. Types of Thesauri
  59. Thesaurus Standards
  60. Semantic Relationships
  61. Preferred Terms
  62. Polyhierarchy
  63. Faceted Classification
  64. Part III. Process and Methodology
  65. 10. Research
  66. Process Overview
  67. A Research Framework
  68. Context
  69. Content
  70. Users
  71. Participant Definition and Recruiting
  72. User Research Sessions
  73. In Defense of Research
  74. 11. Strategy
  75. What Is an Information Architecture Strategy?
  76. Strategies Under Attack
  77. From Research to Strategy
  78. Developing the Strategy
  79. Work Products and Deliverables
  80. The Strategy Report
  81. The Project Plan
  82. Presentations
  83. 12. Design and Documentation
  84. Guidelines for Diagramming an Information Architecture
  85. Blueprints
  86. Wireframes
  87. Content Mapping and Inventory
  88. Content Modeling
  89. Controlled Vocabularies
  90. Design Sketches
  91. Web-Based Prototypes
  92. Architecture Style Guides
  93. Point-of-Production Architecture
  94. Administration
  95. Part IV. Information Architecture in Practice
  96. 13. Education
  97. Chaos in Education
  98. A World of Choice
  99. But Do I Need a Degree?
  100. 14. Ethics
  101. Ethical Considerations
  102. Shaping the Future
  103. 15. Building an Information Architecture Team
  104. Destructive Acts of Creation
  105. Fast and Slow Layers
  106. Project Versus Program
  107. Buy or Rent
  108. Do We Really Need to Hire Professionals?
  109. The Dream Team
  110. 16. Tools and Software
  111. A Time of Change
  112. Categories in Chaos
  113. Questions to Ask
  114. Part V. Information Architecture in the Organization
  115. 17. Making the Case for Information Architecture
  116. You Must Sell
  117. The Two Kinds of People in the World
  118. Running the Numbers
  119. Talking to the Reactionaries
  120. Other Case-Making Techniques
  121. The Information Architecture Value Checklist
  122. A Final Note
  123. 18. Business Strategy
  124. The Origins of Strategy
  125. Defining Business Strategy
  126. Strategic Fit
  127. Exposing Gaps in Business Strategy
  128. One Best Way
  129. Many Good Ways
  130. Understanding Our Elephant
  131. Competitive Advantage
  132. The End of the Beginning
  133. 19. Information Architecture for the Enterprise
  134. Economies Don't Always Scale
  135. "think Different"
  136. The Ultimate Goal
  137. A Framework for Centralization
  138. Timing Is Everything:A Phased Rollout
  139. Strategy Versus Tactics:Who Does What
  140. A Framework for Moving Forward
  141. Part VI. Case Studies
  142. 20. MSWeb: An Enterprise Intranet
  143. Challenges for the User
  144. Challenges for the Information Architect
  145. We Like Taxonomies,Whatever They Are
  146. Benefits to Users
  147. What's Next
  148. MSWeb's Achievement
  149. 21. evolt.org: An Online Community
  150. evolt.org in a Nutshell
  151. Architecting an Online Community
  152. The Participation Economy
  153. How Information Architecture Fits In
  154. Trouble Spots for Online Communities
  155. The "Un-Information Architecture"
  156. Appendix: Essential Resources
  157. Index
书名:WWW信息体系结构(第二版,影印版)
国内出版社:清华大学出版社
出版时间:2003年06月
页数:488
书号:7-302-06533-0
原版书出版商:O'Reilly Media
Louis Rosenfeld
 
Lou Rosenfeld是独立的信息架构顾问,可算是这个领域的创始人之一,协助Accenture、Caterpillar、CDC、Ford、Microsoft,以及NCAA这些客户开发信息架构策略和提供内部人员专业训练。Lou于1990年与人合伙成立业内领先的公司Argus Associates,并在1993~2001年之间担任总裁。他在ASIS & T一系列成功的信息架构高峰会中扮演关键角色,而且与人合作成立该领域的专业协会:信息架构学会及Uxnet(User Experience Network)。
Lou最近的成就包括成立Rosenfeld Media;这是一家出版社,专门出版用户体验书籍。每年他也会在6个城市开设研讨班,教授企业信息架构。
Lou拥有密西根大学图书馆学硕士学位,目前也在该校教授研究生课程。Lou和他的妻子Mary Jean Babic、女儿Iris,以及猫Schwa住在密西根州安阿伯市。他的博客地址是 www.louisrosenfeld.com。
Louis Rosenfeld is now an independent consultant, helping such clients as Ford and Hewlett-Packard develop their information architecture strategies and in-house expertise. Lou co-founded industry leader Argus Associates in 1990,and was its president from 1993-2001. He is a frequent conference presenter,and teaches highly popular information architecture seminars for the NielsenNorman Group's User Experience Conference series. Lou
played a leading role in creating ASIS&T's successful information architecture summits and many other initiatives to develop and serve the broader information architecture community. He is the author and editor of numerous books, book chapters, and articles and has contributed regularly to Web Review, CIO, and Internet
World magazines.
Lou has an advanced degree in information and library studies from the University of Michigan, where he has also taught graduate courses.Lou blogs at www.louisrosenfeld.com, and lives in Ann Arbor, Michigan, with his wife, Mary Jean Babic, and Schwa the cat.
 
 
Peter Morville
 
Peter Morville(morville@semanticstudios.com)是Semantic Studios的总裁和创立者;Semantic Studuios是一家信息架构和策略顾问公司。从1994年起,他在信息架构设计实践中就扮演重要角色。身为Argus Associates(1994~2001年)公司的首席执行长,Peter建立了世界上最值得尊敬的信息架构公司,向AT & T、Barron、Ernst & Young、HP、IBM、L.L.Bean、Microsoft、Procter & Gamble、Vanguard,以及Weather Channel提供服务。Peter是国际级演说家,提供基本方针和研讨班来探讨用户体验、知识管理和可寻性之类的主题。他的作品出现在很多出版物上,包括《商业周刊》、《财富》、MSNBC,以及《华尔街日报》上。
Peter获得了密西根大学图书馆学硕士学位,目前在该校教授热门的研究生课程。
Peter Morville (morville@semanticstudios.com) is president and founder of Semantic Studios, a leading information architecture and strategy consultancy. Since 1994, he
has played a major role in shaping the modern practice of information architecture design. As chief executive officer of Argus Associates (1994-2001), Peter helped
build one of the world's most respected information architecture firms, serving clients such as AT&T, Barron's, Ernst & Young, HP, IBM, L.L.Bean, Microsoft,
Procter & Gamble, Vanguard,and the Weather Channel.An internationally distin-guished speaker, Peter provides keynotes and seminars on such topics as user
experience, knowledge management, and findability. His work has been featured in many publications including Business Week, Fortune, MSNBC, and the Wall Street
Journal.
Peter holds an advanced degree in library and information science from the Univer-sity of Michigan, where he now teaches a popular graduate course.
 
 
The animal featured on the cover of Information Architecture for the World Wide
Web ,Second Edition,is a polar bear (Ursus maritimus ).Polar bears live primarily on
the icy shores of Greenland and northern North America and Asia.They are very
strong swimmers,and rarely venture far from the water.The largest land carnivore,
male polar bears weigh from 770 to 1400 pounds.Female polar bears are much
smaller,weighing 330 to 550 pounds.The preferred meal of polar bears is ringed
seals and bearded seals.When seals are unavailable they will eat fish,reindeer,birds,
berries,and trash.
Polar bears are,of course,well adapted to living in the Arctic Circle.Their black skin
is covered in thick,water-repellent,white fur.Adult polar bears are protected from
the cold by a layer of blubber that is more than four inches thick.They are so well
insulated,in fact,that overheating can be a problem.For this reason they move
slowly on land,taking frequent breaks.Their large feet spread out their substantial
weight,allowing them to walk on thin ice surfaces that animals weighing far less
would break through.Because food is available year-round,most polar bears don't
hibernate.Pregnant females are the exception,and the tiny 1 t 1-1/2pound cubs are
born during the hibernation period.
Polar bears have no natural enemies.Their greatest threat comes from hunting,but
in the past 15 years most governments have placed strict limits on the hunting of
polar bears.Their population has more than doubled in that time,and is now esti-
mated to be between 21,000 and 28,000.They are not considered to be endangered.
They are extremely aggressive and dangerous animals.While many bears actively
avoid human contact,polar bears tend to view humans as prey.In encounters
between humans and polar bears,the bear almost always wins.